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Heart Failure in Diabetic Cats

Little, C. J. and G. Gettinby (2008). “Heart failure is common in diabetic cats: findings from a retrospective case-controlled study in first-opinion practice.” J Small Anim Pract 49(1): 17-25.

Diabetes mellitus is a common disease in cats and the prevalence may be increasing. In people, death associated with diabetes is commonly due to cardiovascular disease. The purpose of this retrospective study was to examine the prognosis and cause of death in cats with diabetes mellitus diagnosed between 1999 and 2005 at a veterinary hospital in Kent, England. Nineteen cats with diabetes were each matched with three age-, breed-, and gender-matched control cats without diabetes. The incidence of heart disease in the diabetic cats was 26% versus 3.5% in the control cats. Cats with diabetes were 10.4 times more likely to have heart disease than non-diabetic cats. Survival time was significantly worse for cats with diabetes (median 385 days) versus control cats (median 718 days). All cats with heart failure died or were euthanized soon after the diagnosis. This study concluded that heart disease and failure is common in this population of cats with diabetes.
>> PubMed abstract

Related articles:
Ployngam, T., A. H. Tobias, et al. (2006). “Hemodynamic effects of methylprednisolone acetate administration in cats.” Am J Vet Res 67(4): 583-7.
>> PubMed abstract