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Feline Diabetes & Dry Food Diets

Slingerland, L. I., V. V. Fazilova, et al. (2009). “Indoor confinement and physical inactivity rather than the proportion of dry food are risk factors in the development of feline type 2 diabetes mellitus.” Vet J 179(2): 247-253.

Researchers at Utrecht University in the Netherlands used a telephone questionnaire to investigate risk factors for development of diabetes mellitus (DM) in cats. Commercially produced dry diets are relatively high in carbohydrates especially as compared to canned food diets and the investigators hypothesized that dry food may be a risk factor for development of DM. In addition, physical activity, which is known to influence development of DM in humans, was evaluated. Owners of 96 cats diagnosed with DM from 28 clinics throughout the Netherlands were questioned. These were matched with owners of 192 healthy control cats. The association between questionnaire-derived factors and development of DM was analyzed. The researchers found that the proportion of dry food in the diet did not appear to be an independent factor for DM development, but physical inactivity and indoor confinement were. [MK]
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Related articles:
Bennett, N., D. Greco, et al. (2006). “Comparison of a low carbohydrate-low fiber diet and a moderate carbohydrate-high fiber diet in the management of feline diabetes mellitus.” J Fel Med Surg 8(2): 73-84.
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Martin, G. and J. Rand (1999). “Food intake and blood glucose in normal and diabetic cats fed ad libitum.” J Fel Med Surg 1(4): 241.
>> PubMed Abstract